9 2 JUSTICE TRENDS // J U N E / J U N I O 2 0 1 8 As such, SPS offers in-care programmes on literacy and customised vocational training for women. We have also introduced a programme aimed at imparting parenting skills to women offenders before their release, helping them to cope with future caregiving responsibilities in the community. This programme encourages women offenders who are mothers to establish positive attachments to their children, helping them model pro-social values for their children after addressing their offending behaviours. “We have embarked on our twin key strategies of ‘Prisons without Guards’and ‘Prisons without Walls’ (…) we will operate at a lower manning level without compromising our effectiveness.” JT: We have read a number of success stories about how Singapore’s prisoners are rehabilitated, especially with regard to vocational education. SCORE-Singapore Corporation of Rehabilitative Enterprises is the entity responsible for enhancing the offenders’ employability potential. Could you please tell us more about what programmes exist at this level, how they work, and what results they have had? DC: Besides aiming at enhancing the employability potential of inmates and ex-offenders, SCORE also garners community support through the Yellow Ribbon Project. To help offenders reintegrate into the workforce, SCORE adopts a seamless approach that covers four main areas: employer engagement, skills training, job placement services and job retention support. SCORE targets industries and jobs that are economically resilient and offer attractive market-rate salaries. There are currently more than 5,000 partner employers. SCORE also ensures that inmates are equipped with the pre-requisite skills to secure a job through offering training courses that are nationally accredited under the Singapore Workforce Skills Qualifications (WSQ) framework. The framework is categorised into three levels, starting with generic employability skills, broad industry knowledge and skills, and occupational skills. This alignment allows offenders to pursue further skills, upgrading under the WSQ framework upon their release. About 5,000 offenders were trained through more than 22,900 training places. Avalidated job profiling tool has been introduced to better match inmates to suitable jobs. Employers are invited to conduct interviews inside prisons, and 96% assisted secure jobs prior to their release. Post-release, SCORE Job Coaches regularly engage ex-offenders through job coaching and work site visits to help them develop simple behavioural goals to tackle adaptation challenges and sustain retention at work.About 79% stay on the job for three months and 60% for 6 months. “Nos hemos embarcado en nuestras estrategias paralelas clave de “Prisiones sin guardias” y “Prisiones sin muros” (…) operaremos a un nivel de personal más bajo sin comprometer nuestra efectividad.” JT: Hemos leído varias historias de éxito sobre cómo se rehabilitan los presos en Singapur, especialmente en lo que respecta a la educación vocacional. La Corporación de Empresas de Rehabilitación de Singapur (SCORE)eslaentidadresponsabledemejorarelpotencialdeempleabilidad de los delincuentes. ¿Podría hablarnos más sobre qué programas existen en este nivel, cómo funcionan y qué resultados han tenido? DC: Además de aspirar a mejorar el potencial de empleabilidad de los reclusos y exdelincuentes, SCORE también obtiene apoyo de la comunidad a través del Proyecto Yellow Ribbon. Para ayudar a los delincuentes a reintegrarse a la fuerza de trabajo, SCORE adopta un enfoque integral que cubre cuatro áreas principales: participación del empleador, capacitación, servicios de colocación laboral y apoyo para la retención de empleos. SCORE se enfoca en las industrias y trabajos que son económicamente resilientes y ofrecen salarios atractivos de tasa de mercado.Actualmente, hay más de 5000 empleadores asociados. SCORE también garantiza que los reclusos estén equipados con las habilidades necesarias para asegurar un trabajo, a través de la oferta de cursos de capacitación que están acreditados a nivel nacional en el marco de las competencias laborales de Singapur (Workforce Skills Qualifications, WSQ). An officer and a rehabilitation specialist conducting a session Un agente y una especialista en rehabilitación dirigiendo una sesión El marco se clasifica en tres niveles, comenzando con las habilidades generales de empleabilidad, el amplio conocimiento de la industria y habilidades ocupacionales. Esta alineación les permite a los delincuentes dedicarse a cultivar nuevas habilidades, ascendiendo bajo el marco de WSQ luego de su liberación. Cerca de 5000 delincuentes fueron entrenados en más de 22 900 lugares de capacitación. SINGAPORE / SINGAPUR