b"NGOONGTherefore, eliminating these collateral consequences becomes an enormousOtro punto de desconocimiento es la relacin entre los antecedentes task because each state requires individual action.penales y otros problemas socioeconmicos a los que se enfrentan las One of the most important factors is the general population's ignorancepersonas en nuestra sociedad. La relacin de causa o efecto no est regarding these barriers and the sheer number of people with criminalclara, pero lo que s est claro es que las personas con antecedentes estn records. In the United States of America, more than 70 million peoplerepresentadas de manera desproporcionada en casi todos los mbitosroughly 25% of the populationhave an arrest or conviction recorddel problema socioeconmico. Son desproporcionadamente pobres, that makes them susceptible to these collateral consequences. Anotherdesproporcionadamente sin hogar, desproporcionadamente desempleadas, point of ignorance is the relationship between a criminal record and otherdesproporcionadamente adictas, padecen problemas de salud mental socio-economic problems people face.desproporcionadamente, desproporcionadamente analfabetas y, por The cause or effect relationship is unclear, but what is clear is that people withsupuesto, estn desproporcionadamente atrapadas en nuestro sistema de records are disproportionately represented in almost every area of the socio- justicia penal. economic problem. They are disproportionately poor, disproportionatelyLas cosas que deben cambiar incluyen nuestras leyes, polticas y prcticas homeless, disproportionately unemployed, disproportionately addicted,en el gobierno y el sector privado. Debemos continuar eliminando las disproportionately suffering from mental health issues, disproportionatelybarreras laborales como las leyes sobre licencias ocupacionales que impiden uneducated, and of course disproportionately trapped in the cycle ofque las personas con antecedentes entren en una amplia gama de carreras. involvement in our criminal justice system.Adems, necesitamos reformas penales para abordar la duracin innecesaria The things that need to change include our laws, policies and practicesy el enfoque punitivo de las correcciones; tambin habra que eliminar la in government and the private sector. We must continue to eliminatefianza en efectivo que resulta de manera desproporcionada en la detencin employment barriers like occupational licensing laws that preclude peoplede los pobres y las minoras. with records from entering a wide range of careers.Adems, daramos la bienvenida a la expansin de las leyes de sellado y Moreover, we need sentencing reforms to address the unnecessary durationeliminacin de antecedentes penales para eliminar el castigo de por vida and a punitive approach to corrections. Also, cash bail should be widespreadpara las personas con antecedentes. Y, por supuesto, las reformas policiales eliminated since it disproportionately results in the detention of the poorson fundamentales para brindar equidad racial a la aplicacin de las leyes. and minorities. In addition, we would welcome the expansion of sealingPor lo tanto, se necesita una amplia gama de cambios para comenzar a and expungement laws to eliminate lifetime punishment for people withreducir la cantidad de personas que se introducen en nuestro sistema de records. And, of course, policing reforms are crucial to bringing racialjusticia penal y reducir nuestra poblacin reclusa. Hay que garantizar que equity to law enforcement.quines no son una amenaza para la seguridad pblica no sean encarcelados So, there is a wide range of changes needed to reduce the number of peopleinnecesariamente y que las personas encarceladas reciben realmente una being introduced to our criminal justice system, reducing our jail and prisonrehabilitacin y los servicios integrales que necesitan, una vez liberadas, populations. We must ensure that people who are not a threat to publicpara que se rompa el ciclo de la reincidencia.safety are not unnecessarily incarcerated, and people who are in prison truly receive rehabilitation and the comprehensive services that they need once they are released from prison, so the cycle of recidivism is broken. The main challenges that prevent better results for people with criminal records begin with the lack of understanding of the collateral consequences of having a criminal record and how it creates a lifetime social disability. JT: In your opinion, to what extent have the Covid-19 pandemic and its consequences aggravated the existing reintegration challenges faced by people in conflict with criminal law?Victor Dickson with clients of Safer FoundationVD: COVID-19 has enabled everyone to see problems that have existedEl entrevistado con clientes de la Fundacin Safer in our society all along. When COVID-19 began in our state, the Governor's office and theDepartment of Corrections asked Safer Foundation to assist inmates beingLos principales desafos que impiden resultados given Early Discretionary Sentence Credit and released from prison tomejores para las personas con antecedentes penales reduce the overcrowding and avoid a catastrophic spread of COVID-19comienzan con la falta de comprensin, en la within the prisons. Within one week, we assembled a team of partners agencies and began supporting these individuals immediately upon theirsociedad, sobre las consecuencias colaterales de return to the community. We established a triage function to assess needstener antecedentes penales y cmo eso crea una and linked individuals with Reentry Navigators to connect them to thediscapacidad social de por vida. various services and programs needed. One of the consequences of COVID-19 was that the families and friends that inmates typically seek for housing were experiencing the negativeJT: En su opinin, en qu medida la pandemia de la COVID-19 y economic consequences of the pandemic. Many families had memberssus consecuencias agravan los desafos de reintegracin de quines who lost their jobs and were now facing housing insecurity themselves, yetestn en conflicto con la ley penal?they were asked to receive a family member being released unexpectedly. The public health crisis created a situation where inmates were returningVD: La COVID-19 ha permitido que todos vean los problemas que han to households that were already in economic disarray, and now there isexistido en nuestra sociedad desde el principio. Cuando la COVID-19 another mouth to feed with no source of income.comenz en nuestro estado, el Gobernador y el departamento penitenciario Semester / Semestre 12021JUSTICE TRENDS // 1 2 9"