b"COSTA RICAFiorella Salazar RojasMinister of Justice and Peace, Costa RicaMinistra de Justicia y Paz, Costa RicaJustice and Peace: Challenges and advancements in times of pandemic Justicia y Paz: Retos y avances en tiempos de pandemiaJT: In 2000, Costa Rica had 7550 prisoners and a prison population rate ofJT: En el ao 2000, Costa Rica tena 7550 presos y una tasa de poblacin 193 per 100 000 inhabitants. Over the next 17 years, the number of inmatescarcelaria de 193 por 100 000 habitantes. Tras 17 aos, el nmero de reached more than 19 thousand, the prison population rate was more thaninternos llegaba a ms de 19 mil, la tasa de poblacin carcelaria iba en 370/100 000 and the overcrowding rate was at 129%.ms de 370 por 100 000 habitantes y la tasa de sobrepoblacin era de What are the main challenges facing the Costa Rican justice system129%. and what are the concrete actions that your Ministry has taken to solveCules son los principales retos que enfrenta el sistema de justicia the challenges it faces, namely regarding the penitentiary system? deCostaRicayculessonlasaccionesconcretasquetienesu Ministerioparasolucionarlosretosqueenfrentaenmatria FSR: We face challenges within the institution, challenges with societypenitenciaria?itself, and then there are challenges that began with the pandemic, which compelled us to readjust quickly. FSR: Tenemos retos al interno de la institucin, retos hacia la propia Regarding the challenges I see within the institution: on the subject ofsociedad, y luego estn los retos que se presentaron con la pandemia, Peacekeeping (which includes violence prevention and social inclusion),que exigieron que nos re-adecuramos de forma rpida.the main challenge is to strengthen the team and find human talent inCon respecto a los retos que yo veo dentro de la institucin: en la parte order to develop a complete range of programmes throughout the country.de Paz (que incluye la prevencin de la violencia y la inclusin social) On the outside, the challenge is to continue strengthening ties with otherel principal es el fortalecimiento del equipo y la bsqueda del talento State institutions that work with the same target populations, to reachhumano para desarrollar la oferta programtica completa, a lo largo y communities and present an attractive offer that adds value to people'sancho de todo el pas. lives through prevention and inclusion programmes. These benefit children,Y afuera el reto es continuar estrechando lazos con otras instituciones adolescents, women and other vulnerable populations. This was much moredel Estado que trabajan con las mismas poblaciones meta, llegar a las challenging during a pandemic because we could not physically interactcomunidades y tener una oferta que sea atractiva y que le agregue valor with people and we resorted to providing virtual services. a la vida de la gente, a travs de programas de prevencin e inclusin que On the issue of prevention, the Casas de Justicia (Houses of Justice), wherevan para niez, juventud, mujeres y otras poblaciones vulnerables. Esto, we seek alternative conflict resolutions in communities, closed last year byen tiempos de pandemia, fue mucho ms retador porque no podamos the pandemic and we had to develop a protocol to provide virtual conflict- fsicamenteestarconlagenteytuvimosquevolcarnosabrindar resolution services, which this country had never implemented before.servicios en la virtualidad.About the penitentiary, the challenge is even greater, because we haveEn el tema de prevencin, el ao passado, las Casas de Justicia, que approximately 15,000 people incarcerated and, last year, the focus wasson espacios en los cuales buscamos la resolucin alterna de conflictos avoiding contagion with the virus, in addition to the challenges that alreadyen las comunidades, estaban cerradas por la pandemia y tuvimos que existed, such as infrastructure and prison programming. desarrollarelprotocoloparabrindarlosserviciosderesolucinde In Costa Rica, each person who enters a prison receives an individualisedconflictos virtualmente, lo que nunca se haba hecho en este pas. care plan to follow, which entitles inmates to access job opportunities,En la parte penitenciaria, el reto es todava ms grande, porque tenemos for example, either within the prison or through agreements. For us, itaproximadamente15500personasenelsistemacerradoy,elao is particularly important that people do not stagnate while serving theirpassado, el foco fue intentar que no se contagiaron del virus, adems de sentence, but that it be a period of progress. los retos que ya existan, como las infraestructuras y los programas quese desarrollan al interior de los centros penitenciarios.laborales, por I would like the prison system to be able to provideEn Costa Rica, a cada persona que ingresa a un centro penitenciario, se le disea, en conjunto con ella, un plan de atencin individual que tiene people the tools, skills and some type of insight soque ir cumpliendo para que se le abran oportunidades that when they get out, they do things differently. Iejemplo, ya sea dentro del centro penitenciario o a travs de convenios. would like the prison system to be able to providePara nosotros es muy importante que la persona no se sienta estancada people the tools, skills and some type of insight sodurante el tiempo de la condena sino que sea un tiempo en el que algo that when they get out, they do things differently.cambie.If we can get people to change some of their behaviours, we will have quisieraqueelsistemapenitenciario achieved something important. Within the penitentiaries, there are peopleYo who learn to read and write, who complete their primary and secondaryfuera capaz de brindarle a la gente herramientas, education, and there are people who accrue up to three university degrees.habilidades, algn tipo de insight para que cuando For me, the biggest challenge is not only housing people in dignifiedsalgan hagan las cosas distintas. conditions, but also providing them with something that also clicks in their lives. Semester / Semestre 12021JUSTICE TRENDS // 1 9"