b"Artificial intelligence / Council of EuropeInteligencia artificial / Consejo de EuropaJan KleijssenDirector of the Information Society and Action against Crime Directorate, Council of EuropeDirector de la Direccin de Sociedad de la Informacin y Accin contra la Delincuencia del Consejo de EuropaJustice and beyond: Council of Europe working on setting global benchmarks on artificial intelligenceJusticia y ms all: El Consejo de Europa trabaja para establecerpuntos de referencia mundiales en inteligencia artificialJT: The activities of the Information Society and Action Against CrimeJT: Las actividades de la Direccin de Sociedad de la Informacin y Directorate comprise standard-setting, monitoring, and cooperation onAccin contra la Delincuencia comprenden el establecimiento de normas, a wide variety of topics, including artificial intelligence, data protection,la supervisin y la cooperacin en una amplia variedad de temas, como action against cybercrime, crime problems, criminal law cooperation,la inteligencia artificial, la proteccin de datos, la accin contra la transnational criminal justice, action against terrorism, fighting economicciberdelincuencia, los problemas de la delincuencia, la cooperacin en crime and corruption, money laundering and the financing of terrorism.materia de derecho penal, la justicia penal transnacional, la accin contra Although we understand that it is impossible to classify the issuesel terrorismo, la lucha contra la delincuencia econmica y la corrupcin, under the Directorate's mandate by the level of importance or priority,el blanqueo de capitales y la financiacin del terrorismo. which would you say are the most pressing at this time? Aunque entendemos que no es posible clasificar los temas del mandato de la Direccin por nivel de importancia o prioridad, cules dira JK: The first one I would say, is to ensure that, during the COVID-19usted que son los ms urgentes en este momento?pandemic, we're able to fulfil our mission, not just as a Directorate, but as the Council of Europe, as an organisation, that is, to ensure respectJK: Yo dira que la primera es asegurarnos de que, durante la pandemia de for human rights, uphold the Rule of Law, and democracy. We know thatla COVID-19, podamos cumplir nuestra misin, no solo como Direccin, our statutory aims are under pressure because of the pandemic and thesino como Consejo de Europa, como organizacin, es decir, para garantizar measures taken to counter it. We understand that restrictive measuresel respeto de los derechos humanos, la defensa del Estado de Derecho y are necessary and that the pandemic imposes difficult choices uponla democracia. governments. Nevertheless, we should make sure that this viruswhichSabemos que todos nuestros objetivos estatutarios estn bajo presin is destroying so much of what is dear to usdoesn't destroy the verydebido a la pandemia y tambin debido a las medidas que se han tomado fabric of our societies. For me, this is the overarching challenge that we'repara combatirla. Entendemos que las medidas restrictivas son necesarias y facing at the moment.que la pandemia impone decisiones difciles a los gobiernos. Sin embargo, It must be clear that any restrictions that are taken, any exceptional measuresdebemos asegurarnos de que este virus, que est destruyendo gran parte de that are introduced, should all be proportionate to the goals sought to belo que es importante para nosotros, no destruya el tejido mismo de nuestras achieved and should be time-limited.sociedades. Para m, este es el desafo general al que nos enfrentamos Regarding prisons and probation specifically, it's important to point outen este momento. that we have adopted Revised European Prison Rules. It is the fourthDebe quedar claro que todas las restricciones que se adopten, todas las time they have been revised since 1973, based on the court's case law andmedidas excepcionales que se introduzcan, deben ser proporcionales a los recommendations from the Committee for the Prevention of Torture andobjetivos que se pretenden alcanzar y deben estar limitadas en el tiempo. Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT). This revision considers, in particular, the specific situation of women in detention,En cuanto a las prisiones y la libertad condicional especficamente, creo que foreign prisoners, and the issue of solitary confinement. We know thates importante sealar que hemos adoptado Normas Penitenciarias Europeas these Prison Rules are incorporated as binding in many Member States,Revisadasla cuarta vez que se revisan desde 1973sobre la base de although they are what we call soft law because they are not a treaty.la jurisprudencia del tribunal y las recomendaciones del Comit para la Some prison administrations even have a prize for prisons that most fullyprevencin de la tortura y de las penas o tratos inhumanos o degradantes respect them to encourage prison governors to take them very seriously. del Consejo de Europa (CPT, por sus siglas en ingls). Esta revisin tiene Another significant and very important achievement in the current contextms en cuenta la situacin especfica de las mujeres detenidas, los presos is our MEDICRIME Convention against counterfeit medicine, whichextranjeros y la cuestin del aislamiento. Sabemos que en muchos Estados I think the pandemic has demonstrated to be even more relevant thanmiembros, estas normas penitenciarias, aunque son normas no vinculantes before. This Convention is vital to protect public health and human rights,porque despus de todo no son un tratado, se incorporan como si fueran to ensure that if you get a vaccine, it's genuine and approved, or that, ifvinculantes. De hecho, algunas administraciones penitenciarias incluso you buy a protective mask, it has been adequately tested, for example.tienen un premio para las prisiones que las respetan ms plenamente, con el So, the MEDICRIME Convention, which has been increasingly ratified,fin de alentar a los gobernadores de las prisiones a tomarlas muy en serio.is something we've been putting a lot of emphasis on.Otro gran logro importante en el contexto actual es nuestra Convencin Corruption remains a big issue for my Directorate as well. The work ofMEDICRIME contra la falsificacin de medicamentos, que creo que la GRECO-Group of States Against Corruption, which now has 50 partiespandemia ha demostrado ser an ms relevante que antes. Esta convencin (the 47 member States of the Council of Europe, plus Belarus, the Unitedes importante para proteger la salud pblica y los derechos humanos, para States and Kazakhstan), is critical because it is evident that, with thegarantizar que, si recibe una vacuna, sea genuina y est aprobada, o que si pandemic and its economic consequences, there'll be a lot of moneycompra una mascarilla de proteccin, ha sido debidamente probada, por Semester / Semestre 12021JUSTICE TRENDS // 2 7"