b'PORTUGALI only see advantages in electronic monitoring: it spares offenders fromEn este momento el 53% de los vigilados son los denominados agresores the penitentiary experiencewith its harmful aspectsit is safe, saves thede violencia domstica, que es un flagelo para el que nuestro pas ha state money, and has immense growth potential. At the moment, 53% ofacordado recientemente y que tiene graves repercusiones en todo el persons electronically monitored are so-called domestic violence offenders.sistema: tenemos ms de mil presos por violencia domstica, es decir, Domestic violence is a scourge to which the country has recently awokencasi el 10% de todos los reclusos. and has severe repercussions throughout the system: we have more thanPero la respuesta no puede ser solo penitenciaria y judicial, tiene que ser one thousand prisoners in the prison system due to domestic violence,tambin cultural.i.e. almost 10% of all prisoners. But the answer cannot just be custodial and judicial; it must also be cultural. We managed to remove around 2,000 inmatesConseguimos sacar del sistema alrededor de from the prison system, 700 of them under the2000 reclusos, 700 de los cuales contaban con el extraordinary administrative exit permit. This measurepermiso de salida administrativa extraordinaria. has been a great success, and its framework law isEsta medida fue un gran xito y, adems, la ley flexible, it allows such permits to be granted evenque la permite es flexible y todava hoy se sigan today.concediendo estos permisos. JT:The Covid-19 pandemic has brought great challenges to prisonJT: La pandemia de la COVID-19 ha trado grandes desafos para las organisations. Given the restrictions resulting from the pandemicorganizaciones penitenciarias. crisis, what kind of measures have been implemented in Portugal?Debido a las restricciones derivadas de crisis de la pandemia, qu tipo de medidas se han aplicado en Portugal? RM: It is not easy to announce to prisoners that their level of seclusion will increase and that their contacts with the outside world will be restricted evenRM: No es fcil anunciar a los reclusos que su nivel de reclusin va a more. We already have a year of experience managing the prison systemaumentar y que los contactos con el exterior van a estar an ms restringidos. with COVID, and it is only fair to acknowledge the civic and committed way the prison population in Portugal accepted the many restrictionsYa contamos con un ao de experiencia en la gestin del sistema penitenciario that we had to impose on them; those who stayed within the system andcon coronavirus y es justo dedicar unas palabras de reconocimiento a los those who were able to leave and who are still under our responsibility. presos, por cmo han sabido aceptar las numerosas restricciones que les We realised very early on that it would be necessary to remove prisonerstuvimos que imponer de forma cvica y comprometida. No solo los que from the prisons. Quarantine spaces were needed to treat those who fellse quedaron dentro de los centros, sino tambin los que pudieron salir y ill; we feared that an outbreak of COVID-19 could lead to the diseasesiguen bajo nuestra responsabilidad.multiplying with lightning speed, and this was confirmed by the outbreaks we faced.Nos dimos cuenta muy pronto de que sera necesario sacar a reclusos de The various social, political, and legislative players understood the urgencylos centros penitenciarios. Era necesario crear espacios de cuarentena of this measure and we were thus able to relieve the pressure that wouldpara tratar a los que enfermaban temamos que un brote de COVID-19 exist within the prisons, if and when COVID hit. The President of thecondujese a la propagacin de la enfermedad muy rpidamente , y esto Republic pardoned cases of obvious human need, legislators authorisedse confirm en los brotes que nos enfrentamos. an amnesty for small sentences with two years remaining, and the mostLos diversos agentes sociales, polticos y legislativos supieron entender unusual measure was the so-called extraordinary administrative exitla urgencia de esta medida y pudimos aliviar la presin que existira en permit. The latter allowed those prisoners who already had a routine ofel sistema carcelario, cuando entrase la COVID-19. Semester / Semestre 12021JUSTICE TRENDS // 7 1'