b"United Nations CounterterrorismContraterrorismo Naciones UnidasMichle ConinsxUnited Nations Assistant Secretary-General, Executive Director of the Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED), United NationsSubsecretaria general de Naciones Unidas, directora de la Direccin Ejecutiva del Comit contra el Terrorismo (CTED), Naciones UnidasThe challenging variables of the global terrorist threatLas desafiantes variables de la amenaza terrorista globalJT: What are the latest trends in the global terrorist threat? AndJT: Cules son las ltimas tendencias en la amenaza terrorista what are CTEDs priority areas of intervention in addressing them? mundial? Y, para abordarlas, cules son las reas prioritarias de intervencin de la Direccin Ejecutiva?MC: The terrorist threat is global, so it affects nearly all United Nations Member States. With respect to one particular issuethe foreign terroristMC: La amenaza terrorista es mundial, por lo que afecta a casi todos fighter (FTF) phenomenon, which emerged in 2013-14we are currentlylos Estados miembros de las Naciones Unidas. Con respecto a un tema faced with very specific challenges posed by returning and relocating FTFsen particularel fenmeno de los combatientes terroristas extranjeros, and their family members. This problem is of a global nature, has manyque surgi en 2013-2014 , nos enfrentamos actualmente a los retos muy consequences, and will certainly remain a concern for the foreseeableespecficos que plantean el retorno y la reubicacin de los combatientes future. Then we also have ISIL (Daesh) and Al-Qaida, which continueterroristas extranjeros y sus familiares. to be active.Este es un problema de carcter mundial, tiene muchas consecuencias y, When we presented the related eighth report of the Secretary-General,sin duda, seguir siendo motivo de preocupacin en un futuro previsible. in February 2019, we noted that, even though Daesh had been defeatedTambin tenemos al EIIL (Da'esh) y Al Qaeda, que siguen activos. militarily and had lost much of its territory, it yet remained both a riskCuando presentamos el octavo informe conexo del secretario general, en and a threat. The report noted that ISIL was transforming itself into afebrero de 2019, observamos que, aunque Da'esh haba sido derrotado covert network, with a centralised command, and making significant usemilitarmente y haba perdido gran parte de su territorio, segua siendo of information and communications technologies (ICT), including socialtanto un riesgo como una amenaza. media. Moreover, it was still being provided with the financial resourcesEl informe sealaba que el EIIL se estaba transformando en una red required to carry out large-scale terrorist attacks. Making use of ICT isencubierta, con un mando centralizado, y que estaba haciendo un uso something that ISIL has done over the years to inspire and help individualssignificativo de las tecnologas de la informacin y la comunicacin (TIC), to carry out attacks.incluidas las redes sociales. Adems, se le seguan proporcionando los Different terrorist groups are active in specific regions and pose specificrecursos financieros necesarios para llevar a cabo atentados terroristas en challenges. Boko Haram and Al-Shabaab are very active in, respectively,gran escala. Hacer uso de las TIC es algo que el EIIL ha hecho a lo largo the Sahel, and in East Africa. Overall, it is a very complex threat andde los aos para inspirar y ayudar a las personas a llevar a cabo ataques. some terrorist groups have established significant links with other armed,Hay diferentes grupos terroristas que estn activos en regiones especficas criminal or terrorist groups. The security situation in Burkina Faso hasy plantean retos particulares. Boko Haram y Al-Shabaab estn muy activos deteriorated very rapidly over the past few months and now threatens toen el Sahel y en frica oriental, respectivamente. En general, se trata de move southwards. Because the terrorist threat is global in nature, we mustuna amenaza muy compleja y algunos grupos terroristas han establecido tackle it at all levels; local, national, regional, and international.vnculos importantes con otros grupos armados, criminales o terroristas. La situacin de seguridad en Burkina Faso se ha deteriorado muy rpidamente en los ltimos meses y ahora amenaza con desplazarse hacia JT: The global terrorist threat has evolved significantly over the past decade,el sur. Dado que la amenaza terrorista es de naturaleza global, debemos both in scale and complexity. The current terrorism environment is marked,abordarla a todos los niveles: local, nacional, regional e internacional. in particular, by increasingly sophisticated abuse of ICT, greater terrorist mobility, home-grown terrorism, and the actions of terrorists acting alone or in small cells. (Source: UN Counter Terrorism Committee, Law EnforcementJT: La amenaza terrorista mundial ha evolucionado significativamente page). How is CTED helping the Member States to prevent and counteren la ltima dcada, tanto en escala como en complejidad. El entorno terrorism? actual del terrorismo se caracteriza, en particular, por un uso cada vez ms sofisticado de las TIC, una mayor movilidad de los terroristas, el MC: CTED works under the direction and policy guidance of the Counter- terrorismo endgeno y las acciones de terroristas que actan solos o Terrorism Committee (CTC), which is a subsidiary body of the Uniteden pequeas clulas. (Fuente: Comit de las Naciones Unidas contra el Nations Security Council. The CTC was established by Security CouncilTerrorismo).Cmo ayuda la Direccin Ejecutiva (CTED) a los Estados resolution 1373 (2001) in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, which shockedmiembros a prevenir y combatir el terrorismo?the entire world. CTED works on all issues relating to international peace and security.MC: La Direccin Ejecutiva del Comit contra el Terrorismo (CTED, In December 2017, its mandate was significantly broadened and strengthenedpor sus siglas en ingls) trabaja bajo la direccin y orientacin normativa by the Council. We have a threefold task, which embraces assessment,del Comit contra el Terrorismo (CTC), que es un rgano subsidiario analysis and provision of expertise. Our main task is assessment. Wedel Consejo de Seguridad de las Naciones Unidas. El Comit contra el conduct assessment visits to Member States on the CTCs behalf toTerrorismo fue establecido por la resolucin 1373 (2001) del Consejo de monitor, facilitate and promote their efforts to implement the counter- Seguridad a raz de los atentados del 11 de septiembre, que conmocionaron terrorism-related resolutions of the Council. al mundo entero. Semester / Semestre 22019JUSTICE TRENDS // 1 5"