b'Digital prisonPrisin digitalEthical and moral reflections on the digital prisonReflexiones ticas y morales sobre la prisin digitalDR Victoria Knight & Steven Van De SteeneT Ehe use of technology is increasing in the criminal justice landscape.l uso de la tecnologa est aumentando en el panorama de la This is slowly receiving attention from academic research in the new fieldjusticia penal. Esta cuestin est recibiendo poco a poco la atencin de of digital criminology. This transformation raises unexplored moral andla investigacin acadmica en el nuevo campo de la criminologa digital. ethical dilemmas.Esta transformacin plantea dilemas morales y ticos inexplorados. There is an inevitability that technology will play a major role in the deliveryEs inevitable que la tecnologa desempee un papel importante en la of services in our prisons. Technology is not neutral- its impact has social,prestacin de servicios en nuestras prisiones. La tecnologa no es neutra, su psychological, political and economic implications for our prisons. Weimpacto tiene implicaciones sociales, psicolgicas, polticas y econmicas are mindful of this and we can make some valuable suggestions aboutpara nuestras prisiones. Somos conscientes de ello y podemos hacer how technology is implemented. We believe that technology, if managedalgunas sugerencias valiosas sobre cmo se implementa la tecnologa. sensitively, can help the rehabilitative enterprise.Creemos que la tecnologa, si se maneja con sensibilidad, puede ayudar la rehabilitacin. Why should we use technology in our prisons?Por qu deberamos usar la tecnologa en nuestras prisiones?The prison landscape is a peculiar one and the use of imprisonment for criminologists is a complex debate. Our prisons are institutions organisedEl panorama carcelario es peculiar y, para los criminlogos, el uso by power, control and order and the project of incarceration deliberatelydel encarcelamiento es un debate complejo. Nuestras prisiones son deprives offenders of not only their freedom but of autonomy, relationshipsinstituciones organizadas por el poder, el control y el orden, y el proyecto and citizenship. This is the landscape in which we are dealing with andde encarcelamiento priva deliberadamente a los delincuentes no solo de assumptions about the impact technology can have, does indeed requiresu libertad, sino tambin de su autonoma, sus relaciones y su ciudadana. attention. Therefore, discussions about citizen rights and technology have, in the prison landscape, a distinctive meaning. Prisoners rights, choiceEste es el panorama con el que estamos tratando y las suposiciones sobre and autonomy are heavily regulated and the consequences of this kind ofel impacto que la tecnologa puede tener, en efecto, requieren atencin. deprivation are widely acknowledged. In doing so the debate to introducePor lo tanto, en el panorama carcelario, las discusiones sobre los derechos technology to prison contexts has to rightly consider the harms it mayde los ciudadanos y la tecnologa tienen un significado distintivo. create. These are the ethical dilemmas we face.Los derechos, las opciones y la autonoma de los reclusos estn fuertemente In many instances, technology is not the solution but equally it can be theregulados y las consecuencias de este tipo de privacin son ampliamente best solution. Balancing these benefits and risks is something we need toreconocidas. Al llevarse a cabo, el debate sobre la introduccin de la be mindful of.However, further extending harm to the prisoner experiencetecnologa en los contextos carcelarios tiene que considerar correctamente should not be an unintended consequence of digital transformation. Itlos daos que esta puede crear. Estos son los dilemas ticos a los que nos should minimise harm and assist with rehabilitative outcomes. We haveenfrentamos. a responsibility to prepare people in prison to survive in this tech-driven society and the question on how we use technology should be informedEn muchos casos, la tecnologa no es la solucin, pero tambin puede by ethical and moral principles.ser la mejor solucin. Equilibrar estos beneficios y riesgos es algo que After an Estonian prisoner opposed the fact that he didnt have access todebemos tener en cuenta. Sin embargo, el extender an ms el dao a the internet, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) has statedla experiencia del preso no debe ser una consecuencia involuntaria de la that denying a prisoner access to the Internet may amount to a violationtransformacin digital. Esta debe minimizar los daos y ayudar con los of Article 10 of the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR).resultados de la rehabilitacin. Although the Court considered that Article 10 of the Convention cannotTenemos la responsabilidad de preparar a las personas en prisin para que be interpreted as imposing a general obligation to provide Internet accesssobrevivan en esta sociedad impulsada por la tecnologa, y la cuestin de for prisoners the Court did stress that Internet access has increasingly beencmo utilizarla debe basarse en principios ticos y morales. understood as a right. They recommend that effective policies are developedDespus de que un preso estonio se opusiera al hecho de no tener acceso a for Internet access and to overcome the digital divide.However, withInternet, el Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos (TEDH) ha declarado rights comes responsibility.que denegar a un preso el acceso a Internet puede constituir una violacin 3 6 JUSTICE TRENDS //Semester / Semestre 22019'