b"Probation, sloveniaLibertad Condicional, eslovenia We started with 488 cases and by mid-May 2019Comenzamos con 488 casos y, a mediados de we were overseeing 2,869 cases! We didn't expectmayo de 2019, estbamos supervisando 2869 casos. such a caseload in the first year ()No esperbamos un nmero tan grande de casos en el primer ao () JT: What are the main challenges facing the Slovenian Probation Service? JT: Cules son los principales retos a los que se enfrenta el Servicio de libertad condicional esloveno?DP: We started with 488 cases and by mid-May 2019 we were overseeing 2,869 cases! We didn't expect such a caseload in the first year, as peopleDP: Comenzamos con 488 casos y, a mediados de mayo de 2019, estbamos usually need time to adjust.supervisando 2869 casos. No esperbamos un nmero tan grande de We followed the advice of other probation services in Europe so we wentcasos en el primer ao, ya que la gente normalmente necesita tiempo to all courts and prosecutors to explain our mission, our responsibilitiespara adaptarse. and tell them that we would collaborate in a positive way. I think we'veSeguimos el consejo de otros servicios de libertad condicional en Europa, done a good job of presenting the service and we believe that's why theas que acudimos a todos los tribunales y fiscales para explicarles nuestra community's sentences are increasing, and we expect numbers to continuemisin, nuestras responsabilidades y decirles que colaboraramos de to increase in the future.manera positiva. In the first year, we thought we would have about 1,500 to 2,000 cases,Creo que hemos hecho un buen trabajo al presentar el servicio y que es so we figured we would need 33 officers, but we were only assignedpor eso que las sentencias de la comunidad estn aumentando. Adems, seventeen. That caused an overload. So, mid last year, I asked for moreesperamos que los nmeros continen aumentando en el futuro. staff and received strong support from the Ministry of Justice. In AprilEn el primer ao pensamos que tendramos entre 1500 y 2000 casos, as 2019, the Government finally gave the green light to the recruitment ofque pensamos que necesitaramos 33 oficiales, pero solo se nos asignaron 30 officers. It will take a few months to train and integrate them, but indiecisiete. Eso caus una sobrecarga. As que, a mediados del ao pasado, the end, our mission will be much easier. ped ms personal y recib un fuerte apoyo del Ministerio de Justicia. I recognise that the quality of service has not been at its maximum due toEn abril de 2019, el Gobierno finalmente dio luz verde a la contratacin staff shortages. The most challenging units were Ljubljana and Mariborde 30 oficiales. Llevar unos meses formarlos e integrarlos, pero al final, - the largest cities in Slovenia. The other three units were in general ablenuestra misin ser mucho ms fcil.to work according to the agencys vision. We had to accept that we couldReconozco que la calidad del servicio no ha alcanzado su mximo debido do a better job if we had more employees. Quality is one of our mosta la escasez de personal. Las unidades ms difciles fueron Liubliana y important goals. Maribor, las ciudades ms grandes de Eslovenia. Las otras tres unidades If we compare the current data with past data, we see a very large changefueron, en general, capaces de trabajar de acuerdo con la visin de la in alternative sentences. The use of alternative sanctions and measures inagencia. Tuvimos que aceptar que podramos hacer un mejor trabajo si cases of criminal offences is increasing. In 2017, misdemeanours accountedtuviramos ms empleados. La calidad es uno de nuestros objetivos ms for 57% of all alternative sanctions and 43% were for criminal offences,importantes.whereas, in 2018, 63% of alternative sanctions concerned criminal offencesSi comparamos los datos actuales con los anteriores, vemos un cambiothats a 20% increase from one year to the other. muy grande en las sentencias alternativas. Est aumentando el uso de We still do not know for sure whether this improvement and increase aresanciones y medidas alternativas en casos de delitos penales. a consequence of the creation of the National Probation Service, but, inEn 2017, los delitos menores representaban el 57% de todas las penas a few years, I think we'll know. alternativas y el 43% eran delitos penales, mientras que, en 2018, el 63% de las penas alternativas se relacionaban con delitos penales, lo que supone un aumento del 20% de un ao a otro.JT: According to the Resolution on the National Programme for theTodava no sabemos con seguridad si esta mejora y este aumento son Prevention and Suppression of Crime for the period 2012-2016, cited in aconsecuencia de la creacin del Servicio nacional de libertad condicional, book chapter that you wrote, alternative sanctions in Slovenia are rarelypero creo que dentro de unos aos lo sabremos.applied, there is a high percentage of recidivism, and there is a lack of scientific research on criminal matters. (Source: Mrhar PRELI, D. (2019). Prisoner Resettlement in Slovenia. In: F. Dnkel, I. Pruin, A. Storgaard and J. Weber, ed., Prisoner Resettlement in Europe. Oxon: Routledge). How is the Probation Service supporting solving those challenges?DP: The problem is that Slovenia has no research in the field of recidivism, thats why I'm trying to finish my PhD. The current numbers of recidivism are based on a definition that considers any crime recommission regardless of the time that has elapsed since the end of the sentence. By this definition, about 45 to 50% of all prisoners are re-offenders. My research is not yet complete, but I already have data to conclude that, in the case of female offenders, according to the broader definition, recidivism is around 24%. However, if we narrow the definition to consider that recidivism is the commission of a crime within two years after release from prisonwhich is the most commonly used definition in the EUthis rate drops by 13%. It is unfortunate that, in Slovenia, no one has focused on the need to research recidivism, nor on the process of prison releaseThe Slovenian Probation Service team with the then Minister of Justice and State Secretary, and social reintegration. The findings of other researchers show that theApril 2018 El equipo del Servicio de Libertad Condicional de Eslovenia con el entonces Ministro de most common reasons for recidivism are unemployment, homelessness,Justicia y el Secretario de Estado, abril de 2018addictions, and unfavourable social environments.Semester / Semestre 22019JUSTICE TRENDS // 6 7"